2 edition of Bibliography on the effect of the grazing animal on the soil (1966-1956). found in the catalog.
Bibliography on the effect of the grazing animal on the soil (1966-1956).
Commonwealth Bureau of Soils.
|Series||Bibliography -- 1102|
Bill Totemeier, who rotates about head of mostly South Poll cattle throughout acres near New London in southeast Iowa, uses mob grazing and a grass legume mixture to protect his soil and grass from extreme weather and produce healthier, more productive animals. Rotational grazing management strategies have been promoted as a way to improve the sustainability of native grass-based pasture systems. From disturbance ecology theory, rotational grazing relative to continuous grazing can increase pasture productivity by allowing vegetation to recover after short intense grazing periods. This project sought to assess whether soil organic carbon (SOC) .
For legume-grass mixtures, manage fertilizer applications to favor legumes, rather than grasses. This means development of medium to high soil test levels of P and periodic liming to maintain soil pH around Urination and defecation by grazing livestock has little effect on soil acidification. Bibliography Evers, G.W. Overview of. Overgrazing on the other hand, either by overstocking or by grazing for too long a period, leads to compacted soil with horizontal layers that prevent water absorption. In their demonstration, one inch of water is absorbed into the well-managed pasture’s soil in just seconds.
The ﬁ rst soil property we recorded was the soil proﬁ le. Soil horizon arrangement and depths are indicators of the soil formation, quality and health. The A (or black) horizon can tell us about soil erosion, soil organic matter content and so on. Trampling by grazing animals can impact soils, and bulk density is related to this phenomena. Grazing effects on grassland ecosystems Linda L. Wallace1 and Mel I. Dyer2 Abstract.—In this study, we used a modified version of a meta-analysis (compilation and analysis of the literature in which an individual area is sub-jected to the disturbance and its response is noted) to analyze grazing effects on grassland ecosystems.
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When I first started learning about grazing management, the concept that most blew my mind was animal impact. Not anymore.
I've seen it with my own eyes, and scientific documentation is growing steadily. For those uninitiated to the term, animal impact is the cumulative effect of plant biting, saliva, urination, defecation, trampling and all the other things grazing animals do to plants and Author: Alan Newport.
Laycock, W. and P. Conrad. Effect of grazing on soil compaction as measured by bulk density on a high elevation cattle range. Range Manage. Bulk density of the soil in grazed plots was similar to that in ungrazed exclosures both in early summer before grazing and in late summer after grazing.
() observed long term grazing to have a significant effect on vegetative cover, this being less under light grazing (1 animal unit per hectare) than under heavy grazing intensity ( animal units per hectare) in which the amount of forbs and shrubs increased, consistent with the findings of our study.
Rotational grazing is often recommended but not widely adopted in the horse industry in the Northeast. This project will measure the effect of grazing system on plant production, soil quality, animal health, and production costs by grazing horses in one continuous system and one rotational system for a period of approximately two years.
Jie Wang, Guobin Liu, Chao Zhang, Guoliang Wang, Effect of long-term destocking on soil fungal functional groups and interactions with plants, Plant and Soil, /s, Cited by: 6.
The six variables of soil texture, precipitation, grass type, grazing intensity, study duration, and sampling depth explained 85% of a large variation (± g m(-2) yr(-1)) in grazing effects.
The management practices required for grazing management will continue to increase, as necessitated by the reported rate of reduction in productivity, coupled with the degradation of Inner Mongolian steppe ecosystems. The current study was conducted to (i) examine the responses of aboveground net primary production (ANPP) to different grazing intensities and its relationship with soil factors.
J.A. Holt, K.L. Bristow, J.G. McivorThe effects of grazing pressure on soil animals and hydraulic properties of two soils in semi-arid tropical Queensland. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 34 (), pp.
Google Scholar. W.B. Hoogmoed, L. StroosnijderCrust formation on sandy soils of the Sahel—1. Rainfall and infiltration. The positive effects of grazing found here on SOC are consistent with the findings of Wang et al.
17, who reported grazing led to an increase of t ha-1 soil. Livestock, pasture, and timber trees are intimately interrelated in silvopastures.
Most silvopasture research to date has focused on forage/animal/tree interactions, with less attention paid to animal/soil interactions in silvopastures. While a considerable body of work has been devoted to understanding the effects of livestock trampling on plants and soils in pastures, less has been done.
Appropriate level of bio-components in blood plasma of animals is associated with their concentration in soil and in green fodder. Cycling of elements in nature and their adequate level in animal organisms result in proper functioning of an organism as a whole (Khan et al.
–, ). Therefore, it is important to analyse soil and green fodder for these components. The effect of grazing intensity on the diversity of soil bacteria and fungi transferred into an increase in soil pH and decrease in soil moisture along the grazing intensity gradient.
To examine different effects of herbivorous large mammals’ grazing pressure on plant diversity along a slope in a Mongolian nomadic pasture, we compared species richness, Simpson’s index of diversity, and the total plant coverage of plants between protected pasture from livestock grazing and grazed pasture on the near ridge, upper slope, lower slope, foot slope and valley bottom.
Grazing management is the manipulation of animal grazing to achieve desired results based on animal, plant, land, or economic responses. The continuing immediate goal is to supply the quantity and quality of forage needed by the grazing animal for grazing to achieve the production function intended.
This study compared the effects of high intensity [ animal unit month per ha (AUM) ha-1] short-duration grazing (SDG) versus moderate intensity ( AUM ha-1) continuous grazing (CG) by wapiti (Cervus elaphus canadensis) on soil compaction as measured by bulk density at field moist condition (Db f) and penetration resistance (PR).
Uncontrolled grazing presents other disadvantages, but the primary concern is the loss of vegetative cover due to frequent grazing, tram pling, or grazing the plants too close to the soil. This often weakens root systems and exposes and compacts the soil.
These degradations to soil quality can increase the soil erosion and nutrient losses. Clifford Allan Redin Savory (born 15 September on a 40, acre ranch in Zimbabwe) is a Zimbabwean ecologist, livestock farmer, and president and co-founder of the Savory Institute.
He originated Holistic management (agriculture), a systems thinking approach to managing resources. The six variables of soil texture, precipitation, grass type, grazing intensity, study duration, and sampling depth explained 85% of a large variation (± g m(-2) yr(-1)) in grazing effects, and the best model included significant interactions between precipitation and soil texture (P = ), grass type, and grazing intensity (P = Bristow, A.
and Jarvis, S. Effects of grazing and nitrogen-fertilizer on the soil microbial biomass under permanent pasture. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa. 54 (1), pp. These are the sources and citations used to research heathland management by pony grazing for conservation. This bibliography was generated on Cite G., Bonis, A.
and Bouzillé, J., Effects of grazing by horses and/or cattle on the diversity of coastal grasslands in western France. changes in vegetation and soil chemical properties. “Water, Grass & Livestock: An Annotated Bibliography of Riparian Grazing Publications.” The Land Stewardship Project.
White Bear Lake, MN. This annotated bibliography of over sources concentrates on the environmental effects of rotational grazing on water resources, including streams, streambanks, and riparian zones.The published literature was reviewed for effects of grazing on soil physical properties (bulk density, water infiltration) and chemical properties (soil organic matter, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus).
The effects on soil properties were inconsistent because of the complexity and resilience of grassland soil ecosystems to perturbation.Grazing exclusion (GE) is an important method for restoring grasslands and a useful approach for understanding soil carbon (C) sequestration in temperate grasslands.
Using the paired sample method C in the soil fractions, soil aggregates and soil humus was determined for grazed and ungrazed grassland in Inner Mongolia, China; grazing exclusion (GE) had been imposed for 32 years in the un-grazed.